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Unité Matériaux et Transformations
CNRS UMR 8207 - Université de Lille

CNRS reasearch scientist
Bâtiment C6 - Bureau 112 - 1er Etage
Unité Matériaux et Transformations
Cité scientifique, Bât. C6
Université de Lille
59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq
Tel: +33 (0)320 43 49 66
Fax: +33 (0) 320 43 65 91


Plasticity in the upper mantle (experiments in-situ), xray powder diffraction, large volume experiments.


PI of the MADISON ANR project « Multiphase rock deformation in subduction zones »

Current PhD thesis

Defended PhD thesis

Latest scientific contributions in LillOA (Lille Open Archive)


  1. A. Zadoia, A. Arevalo Lopez, J. Sánchez-Benítez, M. Huvé, J.-F. Blach, S. Merkel, N. Hilairet, J. Chantel, M. Colmont, High pressure exploration in the Li–Ln–V–O system, Dalton Transactions 49, 13663-13670 (2020), [doi: 10.1039/d0dt02721a, LillOA]
  2. C. Langrand, D. Andrault, S. Durand, Z. Konôpková, N. Hilairet, C. Thomas, S. Merkel, Kinetics and detectability of the bridgmanite to post-perovskite transformation in the Earth's D″ layer, Nature Communications 10;1, (2019), [doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-13482-x, LillOA]
  3. M.A. Kumar, N. Hilairet, R. McCabe, T. Yu, Y. Wang, I. Beyerlein, C. Tomé, Role of twinning on the omega-phase transformation and stability in zirconium, Acta Materialia 185, 211-217 (2019), [doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2019.12.006, LillOA]
  4. S. Incel, A. Schubnel, J. Renner, T. John, L. Labrousse, N. Hilairet, H. Freeman, Y. Wang, F. Renard, B. Jamtveit, Experimental evidence for wall-rock pulverization during dynamic rupture at ultra-high pressure conditions, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 115832 (2019), [doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2019.115832, LillOA]
  5. S. Incel, L. Labrousse, N. Hilairet, T. John, J. Gasc, F. Shi, Y. Wang, T.B. Andersen, F. Renard, B. Jamtveit, A. Schubnel, Reaction-induced embrittlement of the lower continental crust, Geology 47;3, 235-238 (2019), [doi: 10.1130/g45527.1, LillOA]
  6. S. Guillot, Y. Agbossoumondé, J. Bascou, J. Berger, G. Duclaux, N. Hilairet, R.-P. Ménot, S. Schwartz, Transition from subduction to collision recorded in the Pan-African arc complexes (Mali to Ghana), Precambrian Research 320, 261-280 (2019), [doi: 10.1016/j.precamres.2018.11.007, LillOA]
  7. T. Ferrand, L. Labrousse, G. Eloy, O. Fabbri, N. Hilairet, A. Schubnel, Energy Balance From a Mantle Pseudotachylyte, Balmuccia, Italy, Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth 162, 406 (2018), [doi: 10.1002/2017JB014795, LillOA]
  8. F. Lin, N. Hilairet, P. Raterron, A. Addad, J. Immoor, H. Marquardt, C. Tomé, L. Miyagi, S. Merkel, Elasto-viscoplastic self consistent modeling of the ambient temperature plastic behavior of periclase deformed up to 5.4 GPa, Journal of Applied Physics 122, 205902 (2017), [doi: 10.1063/1.4999951, LillOA]
  9. Y. Wang, L. Zhu, F. Shi, A. Schubnel, N. Hilairet, T. Yu, M. Rivers, J. Gasc, A. Addad, D. Deldicque, Z. Li, F. Brunet, A laboratory nanoseismological study on deep-focus earthquake micromechanics, Science Advances 3, e1601896 (2017), [doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1601896, LillOA]
  10. J. Gasc, N. Hilairet, T. Yu, T. Ferrand, A. Schubnel, Y. Wang, Faulting of natural serpentinite: Implications for intermediate-depth seismicity, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 474, 138-147 (2017), [doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.06.016, LillOA]
  11. T. Ferrand, N. Hilairet, S. Incel, D. Deldicque, L. Labrousse, J. Gasc, J. Renner, Y. Wang, H.W. Green Ii, A. Schubnel, Dehydration-driven stress transfer triggers intermediate-depth earthquakes, Nature communications 8, 15247 (2017), [doi: 10.1038/ncomms15247, LillOA]
  12. S. Incel, N. Hilairet, L. Labrousse, T. John, D. Deldicque, T. Ferrand, Y. Wang, J. Renner, L. Morales, A. Schubnel, Laboratory earthquakes triggered during eclogitization of lawsonite-bearing blueschist, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 459, 320-331 (2017), [doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.11.047, LillOA]
  13. C. Langrand, N. Hilairet, C. Nisr, M. Roskosz, G. Ribárik, G.B. Vaughan, S. Merkel, Reliability of multigrain indexing for orthorhombic polycrystals above 1 Mbar: application to MgSiO3 post-perovskite, Journal of Applied Crystallography 50, 120-130 (2017), [doi: 10.1107/S1600576716018057, LillOA]
  14. A.D. Rosa, N. Hilairet, S. Ghosh, J.-P. Perrillat, G. Garbarino, S. Merkel, Evolution of grain sizes and orientations during phase transitions in hydrous Mg2SiO4, Journal of Geophysical Research 121, (2016), [doi: 10.1002/2016JB013360, LillOA]
  15. K. Gouriet, N. Hilairet, E. Amiguet, N. Bolfan-Casanova, Y. Wang, B. Reynard, P. Cordier, Plasticity of the dense hydrous magnesium silicate phase A at subduction zones conditions, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 248, 1-11 (2015), [doi: 10.1016/j.pepi.2015.09.004, LillOA]
  16. A.D. Rosa, N. Hilairet, S. Ghosh, G. Garbarino, J. Jacobs, J.-P. Perrillat, G.B. Vaughan, S. Merkel, In situ monitoring of phase transformation microstructures at Earth's mantle pressure and temperature using multi-grain XRD, Journal of Applied Crystallography 48, 1346-1354 (2015), [doi: 10.1107/S1600576715012765, LillOA]
  17. S. Merkel, N. Hilairet, Multifit-Polydefix: a framework for the analysis of polycrystal deformation using X-rays, Journal of Applied Crystallography 48, 1307-1313 (2015), [doi: 10.1107/S1600576715010390, LillOA]
  18. E. Amiguet, B. Van De Moortèle, P. Cordier, N. Hilairet, B. Reynard, Deformation mechanisms and rheology of serpentines in experiments and in nature, Journal of Geophysical Research 119, (2014), [doi: 10.1002/2013JB010791, LillOA]
  19. A. Schubnel, F. Brunet, N. Hilairet, J. Gasc, Y. Wang, H.W. Green, Deep-Focus Earthquake Analogs Recorded at High Pressure and Temperature in the Laboratory, Science 341, 1377-1380 (2013), [doi: 10.1126/science.1240206, LillOA]
  20. Y. Wang, N. Hilairet, N. Nishiyama, N. Yahata, T. Tsuchiya, G. Morard, G. Fiquet, High-pressure, high-temperature deformation of CaGeO3(perovskite)±MgO aggregates: Implications for multiphase rheology of the lower mantle, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 14, (2013), [doi: 10.1002/ggge.20200, LillOA]
  21. E. Amiguet, B. Reynard, R. Caracas, B. Van De Moortèle, N. Hilairet, Y. Wang, Creep of phyllosilicates at the onset of plate tectonics, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 345-348, 142-150 (2012), [doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2012.06.033, LillOA]

Full list (The link could be slow)


  1. E. Ledoux, J. Chantel, N. Hilairet, V. Svitlyk, S. Merkel, A. Fadel, Suivi de la transformation de l'olivine (Mg,Fe)2SiO4 aux conditions de la discontinuité à 410 km de profondeur dans le manteau terrestre, Poster, Rayons X et Matière, Nancy, France, Nov 2019 [LillOA]
  2. N. Hilairet, T.P. Ferrand, P. Raterron, S. Merkel, J. Guignard, C. Langrand, W. Crichton, Evaluation in-situ par rayonnement X synchrotron du partitionement des contraintes lors de la déformation sous haute pression et haute température d'agrégats minéralogiques biphasés, Poster, RX2019 - 13ème colloque Rayons X et Matière, Nancy, France, Nov 2019 [LillOA]
  3. N. Hilairet, J. Gasc, C. Tomé, H. Wang, F. Shi, Y. Wang, S. Merkel, Elasto-Visco Plastic Modeling of CaGeO3 (pv) + MgO Deformation : Applicability for Understanding the Multiphase Rheology of the Lower Mantle, Poster, AGU Fall Meeting 2019, San Francisco, CA, France, Dec 2019 [LillOA]
  4. S. Merkel, C. Langrand, D. Andrault, S. Durand, Z. Konôpková, N. Hilairet, C. Thomas, Kinetics and detectability of the bridgmanite to post-perovskite transformation in the Earth's D'' layer, Poster, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Etats-Unis d'Amérique, Dec 2019 [LillOA]
  5. N. Hilairet, Introduction to multi-anvil techniques at synchrotron (with a focus on HP-deformation techniques), Conférence invitée, Hands on ! High-pressure techniques at the ESRF-EBS, Grenoble, France, Jun 2019 [LillOA]
  6. N. Hilairet, Stress heterogeneities in-situ within deforming synthetic ‘serpentinized peridotites’, Conférence invitée, EGU General Assembly 2019, Vienna, Autriche, Mar 2021 [LillOA]
  7. N. Hilairet, Deformation of polymineralic aggregates under high pressures, Conférence invitée, Symposium in honor of Yves Gueguen, Paris, France, Apr 2019 [LillOA]
  8. S. Merkel, C. Langrand, S. Durand, D. Andrault, Z. Konôpková, N. Hilairet, C. Thomas, Kinetics and detectability of the bridgmanite to post-perovskite transformation in the Earth's D'' layer, Communication dans un congrès sans actes, EGU General Assembly, Vienne, Autriche, Apr 2019 [LillOA]
  9. N. Hilairet, Intermediate Depth Earthquakes in Subduction Zones: Insights from High Pressure Experiments, Conférence invitée, Intermediate and Deep Earthquakes: Observations and Modeling, Paris, France, Nov 2018 [LillOA]
  10. F. Lin, S. Merkel, N. Hilairet, E. Ledoux, L.M. Miyagi, Deformation mechanism of periclase at varying pressure and temperature conditions, Communication dans un congrès sans actes, AGU Fall Meeting, Washington, DC, Etats-Unis d'Amérique, Dec 2018 [LillOA]

Full list (The link could be slow)

UMET - Unité Matériaux et Transformations
Université de Lille
Bâtiment C6
59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq
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